Banana Cultivation In Greenhouses
There has been a rapid transition from open cultivation to greenhouse cultivation in banana cultivation around the world. Banana, which is a woody plant that grows naturally in the tropical regions of Southeast Asia, is grown in greenhouses in different climates away from its homeland. In this regard, it is necessary to build banana greenhouses in accordance with which appropriate conditions will be provided.
The humidity and appropriate temperatures of the greenhouses and their temperature difference between day and night, the direction of the greenhouses, their resistance to the prevailing winds, ventilation efficiency, radiation permeability, and ability to automate should be established. Banana greenhouses must be produced in a way that is resistant to external factors.
Banana greenhouses must be produced in a way that is resistant to external factors. The greenhouse construction structure can be built by considering the climate and wind conditions of the region where the greenhouse will be built.
The ambient temperature should be such that it maintains a temperature of 27 °C - 28 °C. If the ambient temperature rises to 34 degrees and above, the plant will enter heat stress and the growth of the plant will slow down or stop. The ambient temperature should be such that it maintains a temperature of 27 °C - 28 °C. If the ambient temperature rises to 34 degrees and above, the plant will enter heat stress and the growth of the plant will slow down or stop. In this case, it will reduce the productivity of the plant. When the ambient temperature rises above 40°C, the leaves of the banana plant will burn. In this, there should be greenhouses where the temperature and humidity can be controlled with the necessary ventilation windows.
The roof structure of banana greenhouses should be designed to be very durable and equipped with gutters for water drainage. One of the important factors in growing the banana plant is light. Lack of light causes delays in photosynthesis during flowering and development. If the light intensity is less than desired in the greenhouse, elongation in height, thinning in the stem, and shrinkage and yellowing of the leaves occur with the decrease of photosynthesis.
Humidity should be between 60% - 80%. Ventilation should be given importance in order to evacuate the excess moisture in the greenhouse. When the ventilation is provided properly, the carbon dioxide needed by the banana plant for photosynthesis enters the greenhouse.
The front side of the greenhouse should be facing north or south and the plant should not be exposed to light. The height under the gutter of the banana greenhouse should be at least 5 meters, and the ideal height under the gutter should be 6 meters. The tunnel width can be started from 9.6 meters and increased up to 12.8 meters.
The greenhouse construction structure can be built by considering the climate, wind, etc. conditions of the region where the banana greenhouse will be installed.